The legendary “polutorka” GAZ-AA was the most widely spread type of the truck
in pre-war USSR. This licensed copy of Ford-AA mod. 1929 was produced by
factories GAZ in Nizhni Novgorod and KIM in Moscow and in Rostov-on-Don since
1930 in all increasing quantities, so on June 20, 1941 only in Red Army were
registered 151 100 cars of this type. Besides the usual cargo trucks, the cars
with antiaircraft mounts of 25-mm guns and with the quadruple 7.62 mm “maxim”
machine guns, fuel trucks, mobile radio station and etc. were used in troops.
The ambulance GAZ-55 and converted to ambulance buses GAZ-03-30 were also
widespread. The car was manufactured serially till 1950. The total production
exceeded 1 000 000 exemplars.